Distinction & Relationship between Herzberg’s and Maslow’s Theories

Both Herzberg and Maslow theories focus on motivational factors. Maslow’s motivation theory is based on the hierarchy of needs. According to him an unsatisfied need becomes a motivating factor for the individual and governs his behaviour in that direction. But Herzberg has developed a theory of motivation by differentiating between motivational and maintenance (or hygienic) factors.




Maintenance factors avoid job dissatisfaction but do not provide motivation to workers. According to him lower order needs like physiological, safety and social

needs act as maintenance factors. Herzberg’s theory has a limited applicability in the sense that it is more applicable to professional personnel, Maslow’s theory on the other hand has universal applicability, it is applicable to all kinds of workers.


Relationship between Maslow’s and Herzberg’s Theories

Though there are differences between the theories of Herzberg and Maslow still they are related to each other. Most of the maintenance factors of Herzberg come under comparatively lower order needs. Most of these needs remain satisfied and hence cease to be motivating. Maslow’s physiological, security and social needs come under Herzberg’s maintenance factors while self-actualisation comes under motivating factors. A portion of esteem needs like status becomes part of the maintenance factors and the remaining portion including advancement and recognition comes under motivational factors.


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